Maths in the Early Islamic World
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the flourishing of maths in the early Islamic world, as thinkers from across the region developed ideas in places such as Baghdad’s House of Wisdom. Among them were the Persians Omar Khayyam, who worked on equations, and AlKhwarizmi, latinised as Algoritmi and pictured above, who is credited as one of the fathers of algebra, and the Jewish scholar AlSamawal, who converted to Islam and worked on mathematical induction. As well as the new ideas, there were many advances drawing on Indian, Babylonian and Greek work and, thanks to the recording or reworking by mathematicians in the Islamic world, that broad range of earlier maths was passed on to western Europe for further study.
Guests
 Colva RoneyDougal
11 episodes
Reader in Pure Mathematics at the University of St Andrews  Peter Pormann
3 episodes
Professor of Classics & GraecoArabic Studies at the University of Manchester  Jim AlKhalili
8 episodes
Professor of Physics at the University of Surrey
Reading list

Pathfinders: The Golden Age of Arabic Science
Jim AlKhalili (Penguin, 2012) Google Books → 
The Algebra of Muhammad ibn Musa
Muhammad b. Musa alKhwarizmi (trans. F. Rosen) (Oriental Translation Fund, 1831) 
Episodes in the Mathematics of Medieval Islam
J. L. Berggren (Springer, 2013) Google Books → 
The Emergence of Number
J. N. Crossley (World Scientific, 1987) Google Books → 
Greek Thought, Arabic Culture
Dimitri Gutas (Routledge, 1998) Google Books → 
The Crest of the Peacock: NonEuropean Roots of Mathematics
George Gheverghese Joseph (Princeton University Press, 2010) Google Books → 
A History of Mathematics: An Introduction
Victor J. Katz (Pearson, 1998) Google Books → 
The Exact Sciences in Antiquity
Otto Neugebauer (Brown University Press, 1957) Google Books → 
The Development of Arabic Mathematics: Between Arithmetic and Algebra
Roshdi Rashed (Springer, 1994) Google Books → 
Al Khwarizmi: The Beginnings of Algebra
Roshdi Rashed (Saqi Books, 2009) 
Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance
George Saliba (MIT Press, 2007) Google Books →
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Programme ID: b08dr5qt
Episode page: bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08dr5qt
Autocategory: 510.1 (Mathematics in the Islamic world)